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Course Postgraduate
Semester Electives
Subject Code AVR864
Subject Title Adaptive and Smart Antennas

Syllabus

Adaptive Array Concept: Motivation of using Adaptive Arrays, Adaptive Array problem statement, Signal Environment, Array Element Spacing considerations, Array Performance, Nulling Limitations due to miscellaneous array effects, Narrow band and broad band signal processing considerations

Optimum Array Processing: Steady state performance limits and the Wiener solution, Mathematical Preliminaries, Signal Description for conventional and signal aligned arrays, Optimum Array Processing for narrowband applications, Optimum Array Processing for broadband applications, Optimum Array Processing for perturbed propagation conditions

Adaptive Algorithms: The least mean square error (LMS) algorithm, the Differential Steepest descent algorithm, the accelerated gradient approach, Gradient algorithm with constraints, Simulation studies.

Recursive Methods for Adaptive Error Processing: The weighted Least Square Error Processor, Updated Covariance Matrix Inverse, Kalman Filter methods for Adaptive Array Processing, the minimum variance processor, Simulation studies.

Effect of Mutual Coupling on Adaptive Antennas: Accounting for mutual effects for dipole array- compensation using open-circuit voltages, compensation using the minimum norm formulation, Effect of mutual coupling- Constant Jammers, Constant Signal, Compensation of mutual coupling- Constant Jammers, Constant Signal, Result of different elevation angle.

Text Books
  1. T. S. Rappaport, Smart antennas: Adaptive arrays, algorithms and wireless position location, IEEE Press, 1998.
  2. Frank Gross, Smart antennas for wireless communications, McGra-Hill, 2006.
  3. S. Chandran, Adaptive antenna arrays, trends and applications, Springer, 2009.
References

Same as Text Books