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  • 10:16 PM, Friday, 22 Oct 2021

Course Postgraduate
Semester Electives
Subject Code CHM875
Subject Title Smart and Intelligent Materials


Smart materials and structures- piezoelectric materials, peizoceramics, piezopolymers; Shape memory materials- one way and two ways SME, Training of SMAs, Functional properties of SMAs; Chromogenic materials- principles and design strategies; Smart polymers- temperature responsive and light responsive polymers, Molecular imprinting using smart polymers, Smart hydrogels, Fast responsive hydrogels, Applications; Smart systems for space applications- smart corrosion protection coatings, Self-healing materials, Sensors, Actuators, Deployment devices


Detailed version

Smart materials and structures: System intelligence- components and classification of smart structures, common smart materials and associated stimulus-response, Application areas of smart systems

Ferroelectric materials: Piezoelectric materials- piezoelectric effect, Direct and converse, parameter definitions, Piezoceramics, Piezopolymers, Piezoelectric materials as sensors, Actuators and bimorphs

Shape memory materials: Shape memory alloys (SMAs), Shape memory effect, Martensitic transformation, One way and two-way SME, training of SMAs, binary and ternary alloy systems, Functional properties of SMAs

Chromogenic materials: Thermochromism, Photochromism, Electrochromism, Halochromism, Solvatochromism- principle and design strategies

Smart polymers: Thermally responsive polymers, Electroactive polymers microgels, Synthesis, Properties and Applications, Protein-based smart polymers, pH-responsive and photo-responsive polymers, Self-assembly, Molecular imprinting using smart polymers, Approaches to molecular imprinting, Drug delivery using smart polymers 

Smart hydrogels: Synthesis, Fast responsive hydrogels, Molecular recognition, Smart hydrogels as actuators, Controlled drug release, Artificial muscles, Hydrogels in microfluidics

Smart systems for space applications: Elastic memory composites, Smart corrosion protection coatings, Self-healing materials, Sensors, Actuators, Transducers, MEMS, Deployment devices, Molecular machines

Text Books

1.        D.J. Leo, Engineering Analysis of Smart Material Systems, Wiley 2007.

2.        M. Addington, D.L. Schodek, Smart Materials and New Technologies in Architecture, Elsevier 2005.

3.        K. Otsuka, C.M. Wayman (Eds.), Shape Memory Materials, Cambridge University Press, 1998.

4.        M.V. Gandhi, B. S. Thompson, Smart Materials and Structures, Chapman & Hall, 1992.

5.        M. Schwartz, New Materials, Processes, and Methods Technology, CRC Press, 2006.

6.        P. Ball,Made to Measure: Materials for the 21stCentury, Princeton University Press, 1997.

7.        I. Galaev, B. Mattiasson (Eds.), Smart Polymers: Applications in Biotechnology and Biomedicine, 2nd ed., CRC Press, 2008.

8.        N. Yui, R. J. Mrsny, K. Park (Eds.), Reflexive Polymers and Hydrogels: Understanding and Designing Fast Responsive Polymeric Systems, CRC Press, 2004.