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  • 10:34 AM, Tuesday, 04 Aug 2020


Course Postgraduate
Semester Sem. II
Subject Code PH625
Subject Title Solid State Physics II

Syllabus

1. Physics at low temperature: production and measurement at ultra-low temperatures. Hecryostats, adiabatic and nuclear demagnetization, dilution refrigerators, Pomeranchuk effect, physical properties of materials at low temperatures. Electrical transport, thermal,mechanical, optical and magnetic properties. Bose-Einstein condensates, BEC in ultra-coldatomic gases. Superfluidity: superfluid 4He, classical and quantum fluids, macroscopic wavefunction, superfluid properties of He-II, flow quantization and vortices, the momentum distribution, quasi-particle excitations. Second sound. Superfluid 3He.

2. Superconductivity Occurrence of superconductivity, Meissner effect; heat capacity, energy gap, isotop effect. Type-I and type-II superconductors; London equation, BCS theory; Josephson effect. Macroscopic quantum interference: SQUID, High-Tc superconductors.

3. Physics at low-dimensions: quantum confinement in nano-dimensions, break-junction experiments; quantum conductance. Quantum Hall effect, Coulomb blockade phenomenon, physical properties of quantum confined materials: electrical and optical properties, applications. Nanowires: charge transport through one-dimensional structures: ballistic transport in Carbon Nano Tubes. Quantum wells and 2DEG (2 dimensional electron gas), band-structure and electronic properties of graphene.

4. Introduction to Spectroscopic techniques in solid-state technology: Simple and time-correlated Photoluminescence Spectroscopy: applications in semiconductor technology. Absorption spectroscopy: Tauc plots, applications Raman and Brillouin Spectroscopy: applications in thin film technology and molecular identification, ESR and NMR spectroscopy, Dielectric spectroscopy: applications in advanced devices, impedance spectroscopy: resistive behavior of grains and grain boundaries, charge transfer resistance.

Text Books

Same as Reference

References

1. Advanced Solid State Physics, Philip Phillips, Westview Press, 2003

2. Quantum Mechanics with Applications to Nanotechnology and information Science, Band and Avishai, Elsevier Publications.

3. Solid State Physics, Ashcroft and Mermin, Harcourt College Publishers.

4. Superconductivity – The next revolution? Gianfranco Vidali, Cambridge University Press 1993.

5. Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems, Supriyo Dutta, Cambridge University Press.