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  • 10:39 PM, Sunday, 20 Sep 2020

Course Postgraduate
Semester Sem. I
Subject Code AVC613
Subject Title Digital Control and Embedded Systems


Introduction, Overview of design approaches, continuous versus digital control, Sampling theorem, ZOH, effect of sampling rate, Calculus of difference equations, z-transform, Frequency domain analysis, Signal flow graphs. State space approach: Controllability, Observability, Discretization of continuous transfer functions; Digital filter properties. Controller design using transformation techniques: z-plane specifications. Design in the w, w' domain. PID controller, deadbeat controller. State space methods: Pole placement design, stabilization and all stabilizing controllers, Different types of A to D converters, Quantization effects: limit cycles and dither.

The concept of embedded systems design, Embedded microcontroller cores, embedded memories, Examples of embedded systems, Technological aspects of embedded systems: interfacing between analog and digital blocks, signal conditioning, digital signal processing, sub-system interfacing, interfacing with external systems, user interfacing, interrupt and polled mode of operation, Software aspects of embedded systems: real time programming languages and operating systems for embedded systems.

A brief introduction to cyber physical systems, DSP processors and pulse width modulation.

Text Books

Same as Reference


1. Kannan M. Moudgalya, Digital Control, Wiley India, 2007.

2. J.W. Valvano, "Embedded Microcomputor System: Real Time Interfacing", Brooks/Cole, 2000.

3. Jack Ganssle, "The Art of Designing Embedded Systems", Newnes, 1999.

4. David Simon, "An Embedded Software Primer", Addison Wesley, 2000.

5. K.J. Ayala, "The 8051 Microcontroller: Architecture, Programming, and Applications", Penram Intl, 1996.

6. Karl Johan Åström, Björn Wittenmark, Computer-controlled systems: theory and design, Prentice Hall, 1996.

7. Gene Franklin, Ellis-Kagle Press, J. David Powell, Digital Control of Dynamic Systems, Pearson Education, 2005.