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  • 2:14 PM, Tuesday, 21 Sep 2021

Course Postgraduate
Semester Sem. I
Subject Code CHM611
Subject Title Fundamentals of Materials Science


Structure of solids,  Significance of structure property relationship; Diffusion phenomenon, Applications of diffusion; Principles of solidification, Phase diagrams and phase transformations, Heat treatment; Ceramic materials, Classification, Synthesis, Properties, Characterization and applications

Detailed version

Structure of solids: Introduction to engineering materials, Description of materials science tetrahedron, Force - interatomic distance curve, Structure - description of unit cell and space lattices, Coordination number, APF for cubic and hexagonal close packed structures, Miller indices, Non crystalline structures properties of crystalline and amorphous structures, Crystal imperfections Significance of structure property correlations in all classes of engineering materials.

Diffusion phenomenon: Diffusion in ideal solutions, Kirkendall effect, Rate and mechanism of diffusion, Fick’s first and second law of diffusion, Applications of diffusion, Concept of uphill diffusion,

Principles of solidification and phase equilibria: Concept of free energy and entropy; Structure of liquid metals; Energetics of solidification; Nucleation and growth, Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, Dendritic/Equiaxed growth, Origination of grain and grain boundaries, Cast structure; Significance of alloying, Intermediate alloy phases, solid solutions and its types

Phase diagrams and phase transformations: Basic definitions; Gibbs phase rule, Introductions to binary, ternary and quaternary system; Construction of binary isomorphous diagram from cooling curves, Time scale for phase diagrams, Transformations in steels, Precipitation process, recrystallization and growth,           

Heat treatment: TTT curves, CCT curves, Annealing, Normalising, Hardening, Tempering 

Ceramics: Introduction to ceramic materials; Classification of ceramics, Crystal structure and bonding of common advanced ceramic materials; Mechanical behavior of ceramics, Glass and glass ceramics,  Preparation and characterisation of ceramics powders; Characterisation of ceramic materials; Applications of ceramics in advanced technologies


Text Books

1.        R. Abbaschian, R.E. Reed-Hill, Physical Metallurgy Principles, 4th ed., Cengage Learning, 2009.

2.        D.R. Askeland, P.P. Phule, W.J. Wright, The Science and Engineering of Materials, 6th ed., Cengage Learning, 2010.

3.        W.D. Callister, D.G. Rethwisch, Materials science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8th ed., Wiley, 2010.

4.        B.S. Mitchell, An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers, 1st ed., Wiley- Interscience, 2003.

5.        C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed., Wiley, 2005.

6.        V. Singh, Physical Metallurgy, 1st ed., 2008.

7.        S.H. Avener, Introduction to Physical Metallurgy, 2nd ed., Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2011.

8.        V. Raghavan, Materials Science & Engineering: A first course, 5th ed., PHI Learning, 2004.

9.        W.D. Kingery, Introduction to Ceramics, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1999.