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  • 5:31 AM, Sunday, 09 Aug 2020

Course Postgraduate
Semester Sem. I
Subject Code CHM614
Subject Title Materials Characterisation Techniques


Introduction to materials and techniques; Spectroscopic methods- UV-visible and vibrational spectroscopy- Infrared and Raman, Electron spectroscopies - X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Ultra-violet photoelectron spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy; Optical microscopy, Electron microscopy- SEM, TEM; Scanning Probe Microscopies: STM, AFM; Thermal analysis- TGA, DTA, DSC; Materials analysis by Non-destructive testing (NDT).

 Detailed version

Introduction: General instrumental parameters, measurement basics.

Spectroscopic methods: UV-visible spectroscopy- Beer’s law, Instrumentation, Quantitative analysis; Vibrational spectroscopy- Raman and Infrared, Principles of vibrational spectroscopy, Infrared and Raman activity, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Instrumentation, Raman spectroscopy, Micro Raman, Applications

Electron spectroscopies: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Ultra-violet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), Atomic model and electron configuration, Principles of XPS and AES, Chemical shift, Depth profiling, Instrumentation, Applications

Optical Microscopy: Image formation, Resolution, Aberrations, Imaging modes, Specimen preparation, Confocal microscopy

Electron microscopy: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Instrumentation, Electron beam-specimen interaction, Specimen preparation, Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) in electron microscopes; Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) - Basics of TEM, Electron sources, Specimen preparation, Image modes, Image contrast.

Scanning Probe Microscopies: Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and Atomic force microscope (AFM) - Working principles, working modes, Image artifacts

Thermal analysis: Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), Differential thermal analysis (DTA), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) and Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), Basic theory, Instrumentation and applications

Non-destructive testing: Radiography, Ultrasonic, Acoustic emission, Thermography, Holography, Basic principles, Applications in airframe and rocketry

Text Books

1.      Y. Leng, Materials Characterisation: Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods, John Wiley & Sons (Asia), 2008.

2.      S. Zhang, Lin Li, A. Kumar, Materials Characterisation Techniques, CRC press, 2008.

3.      D.A. Skoog, F.J. Holler, S. R. Crouch, Instrumental Analysis, Cengage Learning, 2007.

4.      J.C. Vickerman, I. Gilmore, Surface Analysis: The Principal Techniques, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc.2009.

5.      W. W. Wendlandt, Thermal Methods of Analysis, John Wiley, 1974.

6.      B. Raj, T. Jayakumar, M. Thavasimuthu, Practical Non-Destructive Testing, 2nd ed., Narosa Publishing House, 2002.


1.      R.M. Silverstein, Spectrometric identification of organic compounds, 7th ed., John Wiley and Sons, 2007.

2.      C.R. Brundle, C.A. Evans, S. Wilson, Encyclopedia of Materials Characterisation, Butterworth-Heineman, 1992.