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  • 9:10 AM, Saturday, 27 Feb 2021

Department of Aerospace Engineering
     
Rajesh Sadanandan, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
 
Office
Tel:+91-471-2568411
Fax:
Email:rajeshsadanandan@iist.ac.in













Education
  • Phd: Mechanical Engineering, University of Karlsruhe, Germany
  • M.S. (by Research): Aerospace Engineering, IIT Madras, India.
  • B.Tech: Mechanical Engineering, Kerala University, India

Course Offered
  •  Graduate: Cryogenic Engieering, Fundamentals of Combustion, Aerospace Propulsion, Optical and Laser Based Combustion Diagnostics
  • Undergraduate: Rocket Propulsion

Experience
  • Assistant Professor, Aerospace Engineering, IIST, India (2014 – 2019)
  • Visiting Faculty, Aerospace Engineering, IIST, India (2013 – 2014)
  • Engineer, Mahle Gmbh, Germany (2011 – 2013)
  • Scientist, Institute of Combustion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany (2005 – 2011).
  • Junior Scientist, Flame Transmission Processes, PhysikalischTechnischeBundesanstalt (PTB), Germany (2001 – 2005).
  • Research Assistant, Department of Aerospace Engineering, IIT Madras, India (1998 – 2001).

Research Work / Area
Aerospace Propulsion:
  • Rocket Propulsion: thrust augmentation, throttling
  • Air-breathing Propulsion: Swirl combustion, Supersonic Combustion (Mixing, fuel injection dynamics, thermometry)

Clean Combustion
  • Burner development for natural gas fuels and biofuels (gaseous and liquid)

Optical and Laser Diagnostics
  • Schlieren, Luminosity, Chemiluminescence, kHz, PLIF, PIV, PDPA, TDLAS

Research Lab:

Funded Project

·       Title: Mixing Enhancement in Supersonic Combustors Using Pylon-Cavity Flameholder (completed)

 Funding Agency: IIST

·       Title: Secondary Injection to an Expandanding Supersonic Cross Flow (completed)

             Funding Agency: ISRO-IIST

Professional Affiliations

 Member: Combustion Institute

Patent

1. Sadanandan, R.,  Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology applicant, ²Ultra Lean Non-Premixed Gaseous Fuel Burner², Indian Patent Application No: 6632/CHE/2015

Peer Reviewed Publications

1. Oamjee, A., Sadanandan, R.: “Effects of fuel injection angle on mixing performance of scramjet pylon-cavity flameholder”, Physics of Fluids (2020), Vol. ?(?), pp ? (accepted).

2. Aravind, S., Gohiyaa, R.K., Prakash, R.S., Sadanandan, R.: “Effects of CO2 Dilution on Partially Premixed CH4-Air Flames in Swirl and Bluff Body Stabilized Combustor”, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (2021), Vol.?, pp. ? (accepted)

3. Sadanandan, R., Brunzendorf, J., Paul, M., Grosshans, H., Markus, D.: “An Experimental Investigation of Scalar Mixing and Flame Structure of a Partially Premixed Flame”, Combustion Science and Technology (2020), Vol. ?(?), pp ? (accepted)

4. Oamjee, A., Sadanandan, R.: “Suitability of Non-Reactive Flow Simulations in the Investigation of Mixing and Flameholding Capability of Supersonic Combustor Flameholder ”, Combustion Science and Technology (2020), Vol. ?(?), pp ? (accepted).

5. Oamjee, A., Sadanandan, R.: “Effects of Pylon Geometry on Mixing Enhancement in a Scramjet Pylon-Cavity Flameholder ”, The Aeronautical Journal (2020) (accepted)

6. Sadanandan, R., Chakraborty, A., Arumugam, V.K., Chakravarthy, S.R.: Non-premixed Flame Dynamics and Stabilization in Presence of a Swirling Flowfield: An Experimental Investigation”, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power (2020) (accepted)

7. Yu, S., Sadanandan, R., Bai, X,-S.: Numerical studies of flame extinction and re-ignition behaviors in a novel, ultra-lean, non-premxied model GT burner using PDF-ESF method”, Fuel (2020) Vol. 262, 116617.

8. Manikandan, R., Sadanandan, R., Prathap, C.: “Experimental Investigation on the Effects of Swirl on the Exit Turbulent Flow Field of an Unconfined Annular Burner at Isothermal and Reacting Conditions”,  Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics (2020) Vol. 13(3), pp 839-847.

9. Chinnaraj, M., Sadanandan, R.: “The Effect of Swirling Flowfield on the Spray and Droplet Characteristics”,  Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics (2020) Vol. 13(3), pp 827-837.

10. Oamjee, A., Sadanandan, R.: “Fuel Injection Location Studies on Mixing Performance of a Scramjet Pylon-Cavity Flameholder”, Aerospace Science and Technology(2019), Vol. 92, pp 869-880.

11. Anugrah, G, Raja, P., Deepu, P., Sadanandan, R.: Experimental and Numerical Studies of Secondary Injection in Nozzle Divergence for Thrust Augmentation, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics (2019), Vol. 12(5), pp 1719-1728.

12. Vishnu, A.S, Aravind, G.P., Deepu,  M. and Sadanandan, R. : Effect of Heat Transfer on an Angled Cavity Placed in Supersonic Flow", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer (2019) Vol. 141, pp 1140-1151.

13. Litu Rout, Rajesh Sadanandan, and Deepak Mishra. "Abel Deconvolution using Mixture of Gaussian Model with Image Enhancement", Sadhna (2019), Vol. 44, pp 144:1-12.

14. Sadanandan, R., Chakraborty, A., Arumugam, V.K., Chakravarthy, S.R.: Optical and Laser Diagnostic Investigation of Flame Stabilization in a Novel, Ultra-lean, Non-premixed Model GT Burner”, Combustion and Flame (2018), Vol. 196, pp 466-477

15. Raghu Jarpala, Naga Venkata Sai Aditya Burle, Mourya Voleti, Rajesh Sadanandan, "Effect of swirl on the flame dynamics and pollutant emissions in an ultra-lean non-premixed model GT burner", Combustion Science and Technology (2017), Vol. 189(10), pp 1832-1848, DOI: 10.1080/00102202.2017.1333500

16. Stopper, U., Meier, W., Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M., Aigner, M., Bulat, G.: Experimental study of industrial gas turbine flames including quantification of pressure influence on flow field, fuel/air premixing and flame shape, Combustion and Flame (2013), Vol. 160 (10), pp. 2103-2118, DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.04.005

17. Steinberg, A.M., Sadanandan, R., Dem, C., Kutne, P., and Meier, W.: Structure and stabilization of hydrogen jet flames in cross-flows, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute(2013), Vol. 34 (1), pp. 1499-1507, DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2012.06.026

18. Sadanandan, R., Kutne, P., Steinberg, A.M., and Meier, W.: Investigation of the syngas flame characteristics at elevated pressures using optical and laser diagnostic methods, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion (2012), Vol. 89 (2), pp. 275-294, DOI: 10.1007/s10494-011-9354-z

19. Sadanandan, R., Meier, W., Heinze, J.: Experimental study on signal trapping of OH laser induced fluorescence and chemiluminescence in flames, Applied Physics B (2012), Vol. 106 (3), pp. 717-724, DOI: 10.1007/s00340-011-4704-z

20. Sadanandan, R., Fleck, J., Meier, W., Griebel, P., Naumann, C.: 2D mixture fraction measurements in a high pressure and high temperature combustion system using NO Tracer-LIF, Applied Physics B (2012), Vol. 106, pp. 185-196, DOI: 10.1007/s00340-011-4655-4.

21. Stöhr, M., Sadanandan, R., Meier, W.: Phase-resolved characterization of vortex-flame interaction in a turbulent swirl flame, Experiments in Fluids (2011), Vol. 51(4), pp. 1153-1167, DOI: 10.1007/s00348-011-1134-y.

22. Sadanandan, R., Lükerath, R., Meier, W., and Wahl, C.: Flame characteristics and pollutant emissions in flameless combustion under gas turbine relevant conditions, Journal of Propulsion and Power (2011), Vol. 27(5), pp. 970-980, DOI: 10.2514/1.50302.

23. Sadanandan, R., Schießl, R., Markus, D., Maas, U.: 2D mixture fraction studies in a hot-jet ignition configuration using NO-LIF and correlation analysis, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion (2011), Vol. 86 (1), pp. 45-62, DOI 10.1007/s10494-010-9285-0.

24. Stopper, U., Aigner, M., Ax, H., Meier, W., Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M.: PIV, 2D-LIF and 1D-Raman measurements of flowfield, composition and temperature in premixed gas turbine flames, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science (2010), Vol. 34, pp. 396-403, DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2009.10.012.

25. Stopper, U., Aigner, M., Meier, W., Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M.: Flowfield and combustion characterization of premixed gas turbine flames by planar laser techniques, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, (2009), Vol. 131, pp. 021504 1-8, DOI: 10.1115/1.2969093.

26. Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M., Meier, W.: Flowfield-flame structure interactions in an oscillating swirl flame, Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves, (2009), Vol. 45(5), pp. 518-529, DOI: 10.1007/s10573-009-0063-z.

27. Stöhr, M., Sadanandan, R., Meier, W.: Experimental study of unsteady flame structures of an oscillating swirl flame in a gas turbine model combustor, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (2009) (32) 2925-2932, DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2008.05.086.

28. Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M., Meier, W.: Simultaneous OH-PLIF and PIV measurements in a gas turbine model combustor, Applied Phyics B (2008), (90), 609-618, DOI: 10.1007/s00340-007-2928-8.

29. Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Schiessl, R., Maas, U., Olofsson, J., Seyfried, H., Ritcher, M. and Aldén, M.: Detailed investigation of ignition by hot gas jets. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (2007) (31) 719-726, DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.027.

 

International Conference Presentations and Papers

 

1. Aravind, S., Gohiyaa, R.K., Prakash, R.S., Sadanandan, R.: Effects of CO2 Dilution on Partially Premixed CH4-Air Flames in Swirl and Bluff Body Stabilized Combustor, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 24-29 January, 2021, Adelaide, Australia. (accepted)

2. Oamjee, A., Sadanandan, R.: “Effects of Pylon Geometry on Mixing Enhancement in Pylon-Cavity Aided Supersonic Combustor”, 24th International Society for Air Breathing Engines Conference (2019), 22-27th September, Canberra, Australia.

3. Yu, S., Bai, X,-S., Sadanandan, R.,: “Numerical studies of the flame dynamics in a novel, ultra-lean, non-premixed model GT burner using PDF-ESF method”, 27th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems (2019), 28th July - 2nd August, Beijing, China.

4. Sadanandan, R., Brunzendorf, J., Paul, M., Grosshans, H., Markus, D.: “Simultaneous Measurement of 2D Mixture Fraction and Flame Structure in a Non-Premixed, Swirl Stabilized Burner”, 9th European Combustion Meeting (2019),  14-17th April, Lisboa, Portugal.

5. Brunzendorf, J., Sadanandan, R., Paul, M., Grosshans, H., Markus, D.: “Rayleigh Temperature Measurements in a Non-Premixed, Swirl Stabilized Burner with iCCD and sCMOS Camera Systems”, 9th European Combustion Meeting (2019),  14-17th April, Lisboa, Portugal.

6. Ranjan, R, Sadanandan, R., Kadhane, U.R., Nath, P.: “Simulation of 3D Plasma Flow and Plasma Detachment in Magnetic Nozzle”, 12th International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications (2019), 23-26th February, Gujarat, India.

7. Mohammed, S., Gupta, N., Mishra, D., Sadanandan, R.: “Application of digital image processing method for spray characterisation”, 6th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (2019), 7-8th March, Noida, India.

8. Oamjee, A., Sadanandan, R.:Mixing enhancement studies on pylon-cavity aided fuel injection in supersonic combustors, 7th International Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Conference (2018), 10-12th December, Mumbai, India.

9. Kumar, S., Sadanandan, R.: “Computational Simulations of  Flame Stabilization in a Scramjet Combustor with Single Lobed Strut Injector”, 7th International Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Conference (2018), 10-12th December, Mumbai, India.

10. Prakash, R.S., Sadanandan, R.: “Flame characteristics and pollutant emissions of a non-premixed swirl burner with annular swirling fuel injection”, 7th Asian Joint Workshop on Thermophysics and Fluid Science (2018), 21-24th November, Trivandrum, India.

11. Voleti M., Venkata Sai Aditya Burle N., Jarpala R., Sadanandan R. 2D-PIV Measurements in a Novel Swirl Burner Under Isothermal Conditions. In: Singh S., Raj P., Tambe S. (eds) Proceedings of the International Conference on Modern Research in Aerospace Engineering. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore (2018), pp 53-60.

12. Sadanandan, R., Arumugam, V.K., Chakraborty, A., Chakravarthy, S.R.: Transition between Swirl and Bluffbody Flame Stabilization in a Novel Ultra-lean Non-premixed Burner, 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, The University of Sydney, NSW Australia, 10th -14th December 2017.

13. Aayushi Rawat, Rajesh Sadanandan, Deepak Mishra, 3D Tomographic Reconstruction and Temperature Field Measurement of Axisymmetric Flames Using a Single Camera, International Topical Meeting on Applied and Adaptive Optics (INTOPMAA-17), IIST, Kerala, India, 11-13 August 2017

14. Vishnu, A.S, Sadanandan, R., Deepu, M. "Experimental and Numerical Studies on Wall Heat Transfer Effects in Cavity Exposed to Supersonic Flow" 24th National and 2nd International ISHMT-ASTFE Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (IHMTC-2017), 27-30 December 2017.

15. Steinberg, A.M., Sadanandan, R., Dem, C., Kutne, P., and Meier, W.: Structure and stabilization of hydrogen jet flames in cross-flows, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, July 29-August 3 2012, Warsaw, Poland.

16. Fleck, J., Griebel, P., Sadanandan, R., Steinberg, A.M., and Aigner, M.: Untersuchungen zur Brennstoffflexibilität einer Reheat-Brennkammer, 25. Deutscher Flammentag, 14-15 September 2011, Karlsruhe, Germany.

17. Sadanandan, R., Kutne, P., Steinberg, A.M., and Meier, W.: Investigation of the syngas flame characteristics at elevated pressures using optical and laser diagnostic methods, SPEIC10: Towards Sustainable Combustion (2010), Tenerife, Spain.

18. Fleck, J., Griebel, P., Sadanandan, R., Steinberg, A.M., Stöhr, M., and Aigner, M.: Characterization of a generic, fuel flexible reheat combustor, The Future of Gas Turbine Technology, 5th International Conference (2010), Brussels, Belgium.

19. Mosbach, T., Sadanandan, R., Meier, W., and Eggels, R.: Experimental Analysis of Altitude Relight Under Realistic Conditions Using Laser and High-Speed Video Techniques, Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo (2010), GT2010-22625.

20. Hohloch, M., Sadanandan, R., Widenhorn, A., Meier, W., and Aigner, M.: OH* Chemiluminescence and OH-PLIF Measurements in a Micro Gas Turbine Combustor, Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo (2010), GT2010-22800.

21. Stopper, U., Aigner, M., Ax, H., Meier, W., Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M.: PIV, 2D-LIF and 1D-Raman measurements of flowfield, composition and temperature in premixed gas turbine flames, 6th Mediterranean Combustion Symposium (2009), Corsica, France.

22. Di Domenico, M, Kutne, P., Naumann, C., Herzler, J., Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M., Noll, B., Aigner, M.: Numerical and experimental investigation of a semi-technical scale burner employing model synthetic fuels, Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo (2009), GT2009-59308

23. Kutne, P., Sadanandan, R., Meier, W.: Experimental analysis of the combustion behaviour of syngas mixtures in a gas turbine model combustor under elevated pressure, European Combustion Meeting (2009), Vienna, Austria.

24. Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M., Meier, W.: Flowfield-flame structure interactions in an oscillating swirl flame: An investigation using phase resolved and simultaneous OH-PLIF and stereoscopic PIV measurements, International Seminar on Flame Structure, (2008), Brussels, Belgium.

25. Stopper, U., Aigner, M., Meier, W., Sadanandan, R., Stöhr, M.: Flowfield and combustion characterization of premixed gas turbine flames by planar laser techniques, Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo (2008), GT2008-50520

26. Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Schießl, R., and Maas, U.: 2D mixture fraction studies in a hot-jet ignition configuration using NO-LIF and correlation analysis, International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems(2007), Poitiers, France.

27. Markus, D., Sadanandan, R., Schießl, R., and Maas, U.: Mixture fraction measurements during the flame transmission at equipment of the type of protection "flameproof enclosure", 5th International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards (2007), Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

28.  Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Schießl, R., and Maas, U.: Mixture fraction measurements during the hot-jet ignition of hydrogen/air mixtures, European Combustion Meeting (2005), Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

29.  Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Spilling, M., Schiessl, R., Maas, U., Olofsson, J., Seyfried, H., Ritcher, M., and Aldén, M.: Observation of the transmission of gas explosions through narrow gaps using time-resolved laser/Schlieren techniques, 11th International Symposium on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries (2004), Praha, Czech Republic.

 

National Conference Presentations

 

1. Prakash, R.S., Sadanandan, R.: “Effect of fuel injection angle on the flame stabilization and emission characteristics of a non-premxed, model GT burner”, National Aerospace Propulsion Conference (2018), 17-19th December, Kharagpur, India.

2. Sadanandan, R., Chakraborthy, A., Chakravarthy, S.R.: “Effect of Confinement on the Flame Structure of a Non-premixed Swirl Burner”, National Aerospace Propulsion Conference (2018), 17-19th December, Kharagpur, India.

3. Mahenderan, C., and Rajesh Sadanandan, "Non-intrusive measurements of atomization and flames in a novel swirl burner", National Aerospace Propulsion Conference, 15-17 March 2017, IIT Kanpur

4. Rajesh Sadanandan, "Role of Optical and laser diagnostic techniques in cryogenic propulsion research", 3rd P.J. Paul Memorial Combustion Researchers Meet, 27-28 Feb 2016, VSSC

5. Raghunathan, M., Chockalingam, P., and Sadanandan, R.: Experimental investigation of swirl effects on pollutant emission using OH chemiluminescence measurements, 24th National Conference on IC engines and Combustion, October 30th – November 1st, 2015, Dehradun, India.

6. S. Rajesh, S. R. Chakravarthy, and R. I. Sujith: Flame Acoustic Interaction in an Acoustically Excited Dump Combustor, 17th National Conference on I.C. Engines and Combustion (2001), Bangalore, India.

Poster Presentations

1. Jarpala, R., Sadanandan, R.: Characterization of a Non-premixed, Swirl Stabilised, Methane Burner Using Non-intrusive Methods, ASME Gas Turbine India Conference, December 2-3 (2015), Hyderabad, India.

2. Stöhr, M., Sadanandan, R.,Weigand, P. Meier, W.:Investigation of Unsteady Combustion Phenomena in a Gas Turbine Model Combustor, 9thInternational Workshop on Measurement and Computation of Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames (TNF9) (2008), Montreal, Canada.

3. Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Schießl, R., and Maas, U.: 2D Instantaneous Mixture Fraction Measurements Based On LIF and Correlation Analysis, 30th International Symposium on Combustion, July 25-30 (2004), Chicago, USA.

4. Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Spilling, M., Schiessl, R., Maas, U., Olofsson, J., Seyfried, H., Ritcher, M., and Aldén, M: Study of Ignition in Hydrogen/Air Mixtures by Hot Exhaust Jets Using High-Speed Laser/Schlieren Imaging and Detailed Numerical Simulations, 103rd Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie e.V., May 20 – 22 (2004), Dresden, Germany.

 5. Sadanandan, R., Markus, D., Spilling, M., Schiessl, R., Maas, U., Olofsson, J., Seyfried, H., Ritcher, M., and Aldén, M: Observation of the transmission of gas explosions through narrow gaps using time–resolved laser/Schlieren techniques, 11th International Symposium on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries (2004), June 1 - 3 (2004), Prague, Czech Republic.

Curent Students

 PhD:    Aryadutt Oamjee

            Aravind Sridhar

M.Tech: Ajay Vincent

Alumini Students

 Graduate:             Rajat Kumar Gohiya (2019)

                              Prakash R.S (2018)

                              Vijay Singh (2017) 

                              Mahendran (2017)

Vishnu Ashokan (2017)

                              Raghu Jarpala (2016)

Manikantan Raghunathan (2015)

Undergraduate:      Dibya Kanti Golui (2020)

                              Manas Tyagi (2020)

                              Mohit Kumar (2020)

                              Parmar Pamraat Paragbhai (2019)

                              Sabir Alam (2018)

                              Shivam Kumar (2018)

                              Aayushi Rawat (2017)

                              Himanshu Kumar (2017)

                              Rahul Ranjan   (2017)

                              V. Mourya (2016)

                              B.N.V. Sai Aditya  (2016)

Krishna Prathap Singh (2014)

 1. Rajesh Sadanandan, "Non-intrusive Optical and Laser Diagnostic Test Combustor for Cryogenic & Semi-Cryogenic Systems", IPRC, ISRO, 16 December 2019.

2. Rajesh Sadanandan, " Development of an ultra-lean, low emissions burner for gas turbine applications: An optical and laser diagnostic investigation ", Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB-Braunschweig), Germany, 11th July, 2018.

3. Rajesh Sadanandan, "Optical and laser diagnostic techniques for scramjet propulstion", Air Breathing Propulsion Seminar, VSSC, ISRO, 19 June 2017.

 

1. Prof. V.M.K Sastri Best Paper Award at the 24th National and 2nd International ISHMT-ASTFE Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (IHMTC 2017) was awarded to my student Vishnu A. S. in which I was co-author (2017)

2. Innovative Student Projects Award  from Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE) for the M.Tech project was awarded to my student Mr. Mahendran Arun (2017)

3. Best Student Poster Award  of the ASME Gas Turbine India Conference was awarded to my student Mr. R. Jarpala in which I was co-author (2015)

4. Best paper award on combustion XVII National Conference on IC Engines and Combustion (2001) Co-authors: Dr. S. R. Chakravarthy and Dr. R. I. Sujith