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  • 5:37 AM, Sunday, 09 Aug 2020

Course Postgraduate
Semester Electives
Subject Code CHM865
Subject Title Thin Films and Surface Engineering


Surface modification techniques, Surface modification of ferrous and nonferrous metals, Surface engineering by energy beams, Film deposition techniques- Physical method of film deposition, chemical method of film deposition, Other deposition techniques, Inter-diffusion, reactions and transformations in thin films, Properties and characterization of thin films, Surface engineering of nanomaterials microencapsulation, nanostuctured coatings.


Detailed version

Surface modification techniques: Surface engineering by material removal and material addition; Surface modification of ferrous and nonferrous metals- carburizing, nitriding, cyaniding, hot dipping, galvanizing, chromating, anodizing, phosphating of aluminium; Surface engineering by energy beams, Plasma for surface engineering, Laser assisted surface modification

Film deposition techniques: Sputter deposition of thin films and coatings by RF, MF, DC, Magnetron, Pulsed laser, Ion beam, Ion implantation, electroplating, electroless plating, electro polishing, electroforming, chemical vapour deposition (CVD) and plasma enhanced CVD, atomic layer deposition, atomic layer chemical vapour deposition, molecular beam epitaxy, lithography, Langmuir Blodgett, Spin coating

Inter diffusion, reactions and transformations in thin films: Fundamentals of diffusion, Inter-diffusionin thin metal films, Mass transport in thin films; Properties and characterisation of thin films- optical, electrical, mechanical and magnetic, structural morphology of deposited films and coatings

Surface engineering of nanomaterials: Hybridization of nanomaterials, microencapsulation, synthesis, processing and characterization nano structured coatings and their application

Text Books

1.      Modern Surface Technology, Edited by Friedrich-Wilhelm Bach, Andreas Laarmann, and Thomas Wenz, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2006

2.      M. H. Francombe, S. M. Rossnagel, A. Ulman, Frontiers of Thin Film Technology, Vol. 28, Academic press, 2001.


1.      K. L. Chopra, Thin Film Phenomena, McGraw Hill, 1979.R.F. Bunshah, Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings, Noyes Publications, New Jersey, 1982.

2.      M. Ohring, Materials Science of Thin Films, 2nd ed., Academic Press, San Diego, 2002.

3.      F. A. Lowenheim, Electroplating, McGraw Hill, New York, 1978.

4.      B. Bhushan, Introduction to Tribology, John &Sons, New York, 2002.

5.      G.W. Stachowiak, A.W. Batchelor, Engineering Tribology, 3rd ed., Elsevier-Butterworth- Heinemann, 2005.

6.      ASM Metals Handbook, Surface Engineering, American Society for Metals, Vol.5, 9th ed., 1994.

7.      Nanomaterials and Surface Engineering, Edited by Jamal Takadoum, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA