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  • 3:09 PM, Sunday, 24 Oct 2021

Course Dual Degree (B. Tech + M.S / M.Tech)
Semester Sem. VII
Subject Code PH411
Subject Title Optical Engineering Fundamentals


Optical field, interaction between light and matter; basic concept of reflection (specular and diffuse), refraction, transmission, absorption and scattering, speckle and its applications, coherence: temporal and spatial, van Cittert-Zernike theorem and its applications, polarized light, Stokes parameters, Jones and Muller matrices, Interferometer and its extension to polarization domain, diffraction, optical singular fields. Gaussian theory of optical system.

Basics of holography: in-line and off-axis holography, refection, white light, rainbow and guided wave holograms, polarization holography, Imaging in the random media, Incoherent imaging techniques, Imaging as an inverse problem. X-ray tomography as an example. Optical coherence tomography, Wavefront recovery from intensity measurements, Phase problem of optics, Diffuse optical tomography. Synthetic aperture radar construction and application. LIDAR, Optical microscopy: Bright field, dark field, phase contrast microscopy, confocal microscopes. Improvement of resolution using near-field optics, Fourier transforms spectroscopy, Fourier fringe analysis technique; Partial polarization, polarimetric imaging.

Text Books

1. “Aberrations of Optical Systems” W.T.Welford Adam Hilger,1986

2. “Principles of Optics” Max Born & Emil Wolf - Pergaman Press

3. “Applied Optics and Optical Design” –Robert R.Shannon & F.C.Wyant Academic Press.

4. “Lens design Fundamentals” Rudolf King, Academic Press

5. “Focal regions propagation, diffraction and focusing of light, sound and water waves” J. Jakob, Taylor & Francis

6. “Speckle phenomena in optics” J. W. Goodman, Robert & Company 2007

7. “Polarized light” D. H. Goldstein


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