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Avionics - Laboratories : IIST
  • 5:03 PM, Monday, 19 Feb 2018

Department of Avionics

The laboratories/research facilities are established under Department of Avionics Engineering. Various experimental setups are developed in these labs to crater to the need of undergraduate and post graduate programs. In addition, several research facilities are also developed to support the research activities under the Department

 

 

Analog Electronics Lab

This lab deals various experiment related to basic and advanced electronic devices and integrated circuits. Students gets a real flavor of dealing with various circuits and systems they learn in theory courses including BJT,FET,MOSFET etc. and various linear integrated circuits. This should enable the students to acquire practical knowledge of the characteristics of different devices by constructing the various circuits.

 

 

E-Cad Lab

E-CAD lab is one of the most fundamental in the department that deals with computed aided design of various analog circuit and digital circuits. Students are familiarized with various state of the art software packages required for basic and advanced circuit design.

 

 

Digital Electronics Lab

This lab focuses exclusively on designing various basic and advanced digital systems and provides students and excellent opportunity to come up with hardware implementation of the digital circuits they learn in theoretical courses.

 

 

VLSI and Microsystems Laboratories

Department of Avionics took initiative in establishing laboratories and research facilities in the area of VLSI, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and Micro/Nano and optoelectronics. These laboratories arebeing established to support the Post Graduate programme VLSI and Microsystems introduced in the year 2013 and research activities in the areas of VLSI, Micro/Nanoelectronics, MEMS/NEMS devicesand technologies. These laboratories would support the R&D activities in these areasat ISRO

VLSI Design Lab

Design and simulation tools for Digital/Analog and Mixed VLSI Design (Cadence, Mentor Graphics etc.)

MEMS & Microelectronics Design Lab

Modelling, design and simulation tools for MEMS devices, Micro/Nanoelectronics devices and systems. (High end workstations, Coventorware and MEMS+ from Coventor,, Silvaco ATLAS and ATHENA TCAD,Sentaures TCAD 3D Process and Device TCAD from Synopsis,COMSOL Multiphysics etc.)

MEMS &NanoFAB (Micro/Nanofabrication Laboratory)

MEMS/Micro/nanofabrication facility is planned to be established in a clean room spanning 140 square meters. The facility is planned for 4” silicon wafer substrates with upgradability for 6” wafers. Phase-1 of MEMS &NanoFAB has been established with the following major facilities.

  • Class 1000 Modular wall cleanroom
  • Double Side Mask Aligner (Photolithography)
  • Spin processor and Hot Plates
  • DC/RF/ Pulse DC Sputtering System
  • Parylene CVD
  • DI Water Plant

Micro/Nanosystems Characterization lab

Micro/Nanosystems characterization lab has characterization equipment for electrical and mechanical characterization of micro/nano-scale devices

 

 

RF and Microwave Lab

RF and Microwave Lab of the department is equipped with various facilities to perform both classical and modern experiments. Apart from Waveguide test-bench based experiments, facilities like transmission line trainer kit, antenna radiation pattern measurement set up, characterization of microwave network and antennas using spectrum and network analyzer are existing in this lab. The lab is also equipped with various advanced electromagnetic CAD softwares like HFSS, CST, Feko, ADS etc. extremely useful for state of the art research in this domain.

Major facilities of this lab includes:

  • Microwave Test Bench Set-up
  • Transmission Line Trainer Kit
  • Spectrum Analyzer
  • Vector Network Analyzer
  • Microwave Signal Generator
  • Antenna Measurement Set-up
  • EM Simulator: HFSS, CST, FEKO, ADS
  • PCB Prototyping Machine

 

 

Image processing and Computer Vision Lab

Department of Avionics has developed this lab for the UG, PG and research graduate students. This lab consist of ten entry level workstation, thermal imaging camera, stereo vision camera, and 4 GigE vision high speed camera for various image processing related activities. This lab uses both open source platform as well as licensed application software such as MATLAB, visual studio profession 2012 for various lab related activities. Students used this facility to do their labs for courses like Digital image processing, Video processing, Pattern recognition, and computer vision. UG and PG students use this facility to do their final year projects in various areas like, image retrieval, speech processing, computer vision, image and video processing , soft computing and machine learning etc.

 

 

Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab

Major facilities in this lab includes:

  • 8086, Microprocessors Kit, 8051,
  • PIC Micro controllers,
  • Logic Analyzer -128

 

 

Control System Lab

Control systems Lab focuses on designing and developing control strategies for linear/nonlinear systems that include magnetic levitation system, process control plant, Rotary double inverted pendulum, coupled tank system, Twin Rotor MIMO system among others. Both UG and PG Students learn SISO and MIMO control design techniques as part of their curriculum aided by the facilities available in this lab.

Major equipments in this lab includes:

  • Inverted pendulum
  • Double inverted pendulum
  • Magnetic levitation
  • Servo Trainer kit
  • Precision servo system
  • 3D Gyro
  • Hexapod
  • Unmanned Arial Vehicle systems
  • Couple tank systems
  • Active mass spring suspension systems
  • Twin rotor MIMO systems
  • Torsional plant
  • Rectilinear Plant

 

 

Power Electronics Lab

Power Electronics laboratory of Avionics department is well-equipped for performing basic as well as advanced experiments in Power Electronics and Drives. Equipment and devices required for conducting experiments pertaining to open-loop and closed loop control of AC-DC, DC-DC, DC-AC and AC-AC converters are available in this laboratory. In addition, facilities are available for performing advanced experiments on DC Drives, 3-phase AC drives, multiphase AC drives (Split phase and 5 phase), photo-voltaic systems etc. The control schemes are implemented in custom built digital platforms such as FPGAs, Digital Signal Controllers and Micro controllers

Some of the equipments are:

  • Electronic Loads - 4 Channels upto 600V/60A
  • DC power supplies - 60V/ 38 Amps
  • Solar Array simulator – Agilent E4360A
  • dSPACE Advanced Control Education kit
  • 8-channel mixed signal oscilloscope with voltage and current probes -Yokogawa
  • Motor control trainers - FEEDBACK
  • Five-phase open-end winding Induction motors
  • Six-phase (Split phase) open-end winding Induction motors (10 kW)
  • Six-phase wound rotor open-end winding Synchronous motors (3 kW)
  • DC Dynamo-meters (13 kW)
  • Configurable inverter modules (600 VDC, 75 Amps)

 

 

Instrumentation and Measurement Lab

Instrumentation and Measurement Laboratory is well-equipped for research and education in the field of sensors and associated measurement schemes, analog signal processing and virtual, bio and digital instrumentation. It houses extensive experimental and simulation facilities (important facilities are given below) for instrumentation-related laboratory courses of undergraduate (avionics and engineering physics) students of IIST. Research projects related to design and implementation and analysis of magnetic sensors and interface electronics, direct-digitizers, advanced measurement circuits, biomedical electronics and embedded systems are also carried out in this laboratory

Some of the instruments present in the lab are listed below:

  • Flow and Pressure Process Rig
  • Pressure Process Rig
  • Dead weight Tester
  • Temperature Calibrator
  • Oscilloscope (Mixed Signal, Digital Storage, Analog), Power Supplies (3-channel)
  • Function generator (Arbitrary/Programmable, Multi-channel)
  • High resolution (5.5 digit and 6.5 digit) Multimeters
  • Data Acquisition kits for Virtual Instrumentation using LABVIEW
  • Gauss Meter
  • LCR Meter
  • Instrumentation Modules & Transducer kits (optical, temperature, displacement, force, etc.)
  • Microcontroller and Embedded kits for Instrumentation

 

 

Nano-Satellite Lab

The students of the department have conceived a 3-axis stabilized Nano-satellite of mass less than 2 kilograms. The conceptual design of the satellite has been completed and the payload and components have been identified, based on the functional requirements and availability. The Nano-satellite is proposed to be launched in a polar sun synchronous orbit of about 670 km altitude as a piggyback payload in the PSLV rocket.

 

 

Digital Signal Processing Lab

Digital Signal Processing Lab is developed for UG, PG and Research Students to carry out experiments in the area of 1D/2D signal processing. The Lab is equipped with the following facilities to perform both simulation and real time signal processing task

Computing Facility

Desktop PC with Windows Operating System

Software Facility

The software facilities include the following:

  • Code Composer Studio
  • Visual DSP
  • MatLab development Tools
  • Xilinx System Generator Tools

Hardware Facility

  • TMS320C6713 development Boards
  • TMS320C6455 development Boards
  • TMS320c2812 Development BOards
  • Digital Video Evaluation Moduile TMS320DM3455
  • Peripheral Explorer Kit TMS320C2000
  • ADSP-21369 Processor
  • Daughter Cards
  • Image Daughter Card
  • Video Daughter CARD
  • Host Port Interface

 

 

Gas Sensor Lab

The facility is equipped with following equipment

  • State of Gas calibration System: After fabrication of the sensor, the calibration system is mandatory to find out the performance of the devices. This setup is capable to generate the desire concentration of the gas in the chamber and the chamber can be heated depending on the sensor requirements. The Set up includes the monitoring of electrical signals (based on the sensor) of the sensor at different concentration of gas
  • Materials for Gas sensor: Theperformance of the sensor can be enhanced by introducing nanomaterials. This system is generating different form of nanomaterials by different methods (Microwave Synthesis/Sol-Gel/Hydrothermal etc). The facility is capable to generate materials for Sensor application.

  • The facility is also equipped with following equipments:
    • I. Optical calibration facility
    • II. Low temperature Centrifuge system
    • III. Electrochemical Workstation (Processing)
    • IV. Low temperature Refrigerator

 

 

 

Computer Networks Lab

Computer Networks Lab (ComNets Lab) is a core instructional lab in Avionics Department. It is part of B.Tech Avionics curriculum. This lab focuses on training students on a range of computer networking concepts starting from the basics of networking, protocol design, protocol development, and delay analysis to more advanced concepts such as software defined networking and network security. Further the lab focuses on a curriculum based on the Internet as it aimed at developing next generation of networking engineers and scientists

 

 

Communication Systems Lab

The Communication Systems Lab in the Department of Avionics has been developed with a vision to cater to the teaching of Analog and Digital Communication concepts to B.Tech and M.Tech students of the department. The lab is well equipped to support courses such as Analog communication, Digital communication, Communication systems I and II. The communication systems lab also provides necessary support to the research activities of the communication and networks group in the department. The following are the major equipments available in the lab.

  • National Instruments Emona - communication systems demonstration
  • Benchmark SDR kit - for developing real time communication systems
  • Spectrum analyzers
  • Network analyzers
  • 2x2 MIMO demonstration and analysis testbed
  • Baseband channel emulator
  • RF signal generator
  • Arbitrary signal generator

 

 

Systems and Networks

Systems and Networks Lab (SysNet Lab) is a research laboratory in the department of Avionics, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, focuses on the research activities in the broader area of networked systems as well as next generation computer netwworks. Major research areas include wireless multihop communication networks (e.g., Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs), Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs), wireless sensor networks (WSNs), Delay Tolerant Networks (DTNs), Software Defined Networks (SDNs), Internet of Things (IoT), complex networks, and graph signal processing.

As part of the research, a WMN testbed “IIST MeshNet,” which spans D2 and D4, is set up to analyze the behavioral characteristics of wireless multihop networks. Presently, SDN capability is also integrated with the mesh routers in order to analyze the finer level of network control

The lab is equipped with the following hardware and software tools to carry out experiments to analyze performance of various network protocols and parameters

  • Wireless Sensor Network testbeds and platforms
  • Wireless Mesh Network testbeds
  • Software defined network testbeds
  • Alix3d3 board-based wireless mesh routers
  • Inforce IFC 6410 board-based wireless router platform
  • Raspberry Pi boards
  • Intel Galileo GEN 2 for IoT applications
  • IRIS motes and sensors
  • Network Simulator Software (e.g., Network Simulator - 2 (Ns-2), Ns-3, Global Mobile Simulator (GloMoSim), Stanford Enhanced GloMoSim, and OMNET++ Network Simulator)
  • Sensor Simulator Software (e.g., MoteView, MoteConfig, Admin/Config Software for long-range sensors, and TinyOS sensor OS)
  • Mesh Network Simulator Software (e.g., Voyage Linux OS for mesh routers, MadWiFi Driver Software for Atheros chipset, OLSR/DSR/AODV Routing Protocols)
  • Urban Delay Tolerant Network Simulator (UDTNSim v0. 1) developed inhouse for DTN simulations

 

 

Navigation System and Sensors Lab

This lab was setup to provide hands-on training in the field of navigation Systems and sensors. Various experiments like calibration of inertial sensors such as servo accelerometers, MEMS accelerometers, Dynamically Tuned Gyroscopes, MEMS gyroscopes are performed in the lab. Navigation system level tests such as rate test, multi-position test, all attitude test, Hardware in loop tests are planned to be carried out in this lab. In addition, provision for carrying out the simulation of inertial navigation system are provided to impart training on different navigation algorithms in different navigation frames. Major equipments such as servo accelerometer check-out system, DTG check-out system, 2-axis Angular Motion Simulation set up, 3-axis dividing head setup are available in the lab. Further, Navigation System packages which are used in the PSLV, GSLV mark-3 are available for demonstration in the lab. Significantly, the lab has one of the first few deployed IRNSS receivers across the country, and two portable IRNSS receivers and ISRO-SAC in-house developed IRNSS simulator. This gives focuss on satellite navigation receiver design for GPS, IRNSS(NAVIC) etc